, topic_name, *, db_type=<pathway.engine.DebeziumDBType object>, schema=None, debug_data=None, autocommit_duration_ms=1500, persistent_id=None, value_columns=None, primary_key=None, types=None, default_values=None)

sourceConnector, which takes a topic in the format of Debezium and maintains a corresponding table in Pathway, on which you can do all the table operations provided. In order to do that, you will need a Debezium connector.

  • Parameters
    • rdkafka_settings (dict) – Connection settings in the format of librdkafka.
    • topic_name (str) – Name of topic in Kafka to which the updates are streamed.
    • db_type (DebeziumDBType) – Type of the database from which events are streamed;
    • schema (type[Schema] | None) – Schema of the resulting table.
    • debug_data – Static data replacing original one when debug mode is active.
    • autocommit_duration_ms (int | None) – the maximum time between two commits. Every autocommit_duration_ms milliseconds, the updates received by the connector are committed and pushed into Pathway’s computation graph.
    • persistent_id (str | None) – (unstable) An identifier, under which the state of the table will be persisted or None, if there is no need to persist the state of this table. When a program restarts, it restores the state for all input tables according to what was saved for their persistent_id. This way it’s possible to configure the start of computations from the moment they were terminated last time.
    • value_columns (list[str] | None) – Columns to extract for a table. [will be deprecated soon]
    • primary_key (list[str] | None) – In case the table should have a primary key generated according to a subset of its columns, the set of columns should be specified in this field. Otherwise, the primary key will be generated randomly. [will be deprecated soon]
    • types (dict[str, PathwayType] | None) – Dictionary containing the mapping between the columns and the data types (pw.Type) of the values of those columns. This parameter is optional, and if not provided the default type is pw.Type.ANY. [will be deprecated soon]
    • default_values (dict[str, Any] | None) – dictionary containing default values for columns replacing blank entries. The default value of the column must be specified explicitly, otherwise there will be no default value. [will be deprecated soon]
  • Returns
    Table – The table read.


Consider there is a need to stream a database table along with its changes directly into the Pathway engine. One of the standard well-known solutions for table streaming is Debezium: it supports streaming data from MySQL, Postgres, MongoDB and a few more databases directly to a topic in Kafka. The streaming first sends a snapshot of the data and then streams changes for the specific change (namely: inserted, updated or removed) rows.

Consider there is a table in Postgres, which is created according to the following schema:

    age INTEGER,
    owner TEXT,
    pet TEXT

This table, by default, will be streamed to the topic with the same name. In order to read it,you need to set the settings for rdkafka. For the sake of demonstration, let’s take those from the example of the Kafka connector:

import os
rdkafka_settings = {
   "bootstrap.servers": "localhost:9092",
   "security.protocol": "sasl_ssl",
   "sasl.mechanism": "SCRAM-SHA-256",
   "": "$GROUP_NAME",
   "": "60000",
   "sasl.username": os.environ["KAFKA_USERNAME"],
   "sasl.password": os.environ["KAFKA_PASSWORD"]

Now, using the settings you can set up a connector. It is as simple as:

import pathway as pw
class InputSchema(pw.Schema):
  id: str = pw.column_definition(primary_key=True)
  age: int
  owner: str
  pet: str
t =

As a result, upon its start, the connector would provide the full snapshot of the table pets into the table t in Pathway. The table t can then be operated as usual. Throughout the run time, the rows in the table pets can change. In this case, the changes in the result will be provided in the output connectors by the Stream of Updates mechanism.